Abstract The first issue of the yearbook of Islamic philosophy “Ishraq” (“Illumination”) contains more than thirty articles in Russian and English, devoted to a wide range of issues, current in Islamic philosophical thought, written by the leading Russian and foreign experts in the field. This is the first periodical of this kind in Russia. For philosophers, Islamicists and everyone interested in philosophy and Islamic intellectual tradition. Imprint Ishraq: Islamic Philosophy Yearbook: 2010. №1. — М.: Yazyki slavyanskih kultur, 2010. — 592 p.
Abstract This book was compiled on the basis of lectures given by the author within the period of a few years at the department of Oriental Philosophical and Political Thought at the State Academic University for Humanities. The current situation on the international and domestic stages calls for examination of the close connection between Islam, law and politics. The first chapter demonstrates the continuity of this connection as one of the fundamental specific features of the Islamic creed. The second chapter is devoted to the traditional problem statement in Islamic jurisdiction and its methodology. The third chapter contains the history…
The book contains a review of the philosophical ideas of Murtaza Mutahhari, a well-known Muslim scholar. Having compiled excerpts from writings and lectures of the Iranian thinker, the author generalises the philosopher’s statements without distorting his style and his usual way of narration. The book is meant for readers specializing or interested in Islamic philosophy.
The books provides some insights into economic and social functions of money and the thereto related main financial taboos of the Islamic economy, helping the reader to acquire a correct understanding of Islamic financial phenomena. It investigates relevant issues regarding loans, interests and usury. Furthermore, the author demonstrates the historical cycle of monetary evolution (product — metals — cash), sets out financial assets that fulfil monetary functions, describes different types of money (token money, war money, symbolic money etc) and sheds light on other aspects related to money in Islamic law and Islamic economy.
The work examines the convictions of the Arabic thinker in the light of Islamic philosophy. Having defined questions broached in Farabi’s philosophy, the author draws certain conclusions about the incorrectness of the views of many European thinkers’, who only considered this Islamic philosopher as a commentator of Aristotle’s works. The book is meant for inquiring readers interested in Islamic philosophy.
The work represents a research of the question that has been occupying historians, orientalists and writers for many centuries. The books tells about the incident in Karbala, where took place the atrocious murder of imam Husayn, the Prophet’s grandson, and of other members of the holy family. The Iranian author committed himself to examining the reasons of the uprising and its development by studying numerous documentary, religious, literary and other sources. Sophisticated readers will find an appendix with tables featuring the names of the deceased and references to trustworthy medieval sources.
Husain Saidi’s book describes the personality of the Prophet Muhammad — one of the greatest historical figures who brought about immense changes in the humanity’s destiny. The Messenger of the One and Only Allah was a religious and political leader of his community, a courageous and talented warlord, a wise strategist and tactician, a reliable contract partner, whose honesty won a good name for him even during the pre-Islamic period; a just and unbiased judge and also a caring and loving husband and father. All that is about him, Muhammad, the founder of Islam, the most important and loved person…
The book contains a reconstruction and a research of the religious and philosophical concepts of Ibrahim ibn Sayyar an-Nazzam, an outstanding leader of Basri school of the Mu’tazila movement. Based on available materials, the author sets out not only to provide comprehensive information about the famous thinker’s biography and teachings, but also to give a general idea of the early stage in the development of the discourse of the Islamic kalam’s classical phase. The book will be useful for experts (arabists and philosophers) as well as a wide range of readers interested in history.